[Solved] How to Recover Windows 11

When Windows refuses to start properly, malfunctions unexpectedly, or generally gives you trouble, it’s time to dive into the world of Windows recovery options. This guide aims to empower you with a deep understanding of the tools at your disposal to tackle a wide range of system hiccups. Whether it’s a misbehaving update, corrupted files, or an unexplained glitch, we’ll walk you through the steps to get your Windows machine back up and running smoothly.

Understanding Windows Recovery Options

Windows offers a suite of recovery tools designed to address various problems. Here’s a breakdown of common issues and the appropriate recovery solutions:

  • My PC hasn’t been working well recently, maybe after an update or new app install: System Restore, Uninstall Updates, Reset this PC.
  • My PC won’t start at all: Startup Repair, Recovery Drive, Installation Media (for system restore or reinstallation).
  • I suspect a virus or malware: Fresh Windows installation.
  • I want to roll back to my previous Windows version: Go Back option (time-limited).

Detailed Explanations and Troubleshooting

Each recovery option requires careful instructions. Let’s break them down for clarity:

1. System Restore

  • What it does: Reverts your computer to an earlier “restore point” without affecting personal files. Use this when your computer has started acting up recently, possibly after installing new software or drivers.
  • How to:
    • Search control panel in the Start Menu, and open it.
    • Search for Recovery within the Control Panel.
    • Select Open System Restore and follow the on-screen instructions.
    • Important: If System Restore isn’t enabled, you cannot use this feature. For a detailed guide on enabling and using System Restore in Windows 11, see our article: How to Restore Windows 11 Using System Restore.

2. Uninstall Updates

  • What it does: Removes recent Windows updates that might be causing issues.
  • How to:
    • Open your Windows Windows 11 settings icon Settings by pressing the Windows key + I
    • Navigate to Windows Update > Update history > Uninstall updates
    • Select the troublesome update and click Uninstall

3. Reset this PC

  • What it does: Reinstall Windows, offering options to keep your files or perform a clean wipe. This is useful if problems persist beyond simple fixes.
  • How to:
    • Right-click on the Start Windows 11 start button button, select Windows 11 settings icon Settings
    • Navigate to System > Recovery
    • Under Reset this PC, choose Reset PC and follow the on-screen options.
    • Important: Resetting can take some time, be patient throughout the process.

4. Startup Repair

  • What it does: Attempts to fix problems preventing Windows from loading correctly.
  • How to:
    • Force-restart your computer several times consecutively to trigger the Windows Recovery Environment (WinRE):
      • Hold the power button down for 10 seconds.
      • Press the power button again.
      • As soon as you see the Windows logo (or your manufacturer’s logo), hold down the power button for 10 seconds to force another shutdown.
      • Press the power button.
      • When you see the logo appear, hold down the power button for another 10 seconds.
      • Press the power button and allow Windows to load fully this time.
      • If the Windows Recovery Environment (WinRE) doesn’t appear, repeat the steps above.
    • Select Advanced options on the screen. WinRE should be loaded. If not, repeat the steps above.
    • In WinRE, choose Troubleshoot > Advanced options > Startup Repair and follow the instructions.

5. Recovery Drive

  • What it does: Bootable USB drive containing recovery tools. Use this if your PC won’t start at all, letting you access options like System Restore or full reinstallation.
  • Preparation: You need to create a recovery drive in advance on a working PC.
  • How to use:
    • Connect the drive, power on your PC, and follow the instructions (may need to change your PC’s boot order in BIOS).
    • In WinRE, select “Recover from a Drive” or use its tools for System Restore and other options.

6. Installation Media (In-place upgrade)

  • What it does: 
    • Repairs severe Windows 11 system issues caused by corrupted files or software conflicts.
    • Offers a “refresh” of your Windows installation while preserving personal files, settings, and most apps.
    • Can be a preferable alternative to a full Windows 11 reinstallation when you want to avoid wiping your data.
  • How to: 
    • Prepare:
    • Initiate the in-place upgrade:
      • Insert the bootable media and restart your PC.
      • If necessary, change your PC’s boot order (in the BIOS) to boot from the installation media.
      • Start the Windows 11 setup process.
    • Choose the upgrade option:
      • When asked for the installation type, select Upgrade: Install Windows and keep files, settings, and applications.
      • Follow the on-screen instructions to complete the in-place upgrade.
    • Important Notes:
      • The in-place upgrade process can take a while. Be patient and ensure your computer has a stable power supply.
      • If you have BitLocker encryption enabled, you’ll need your recovery key afterward.
      • In rare cases, compatibility issues might arise with older software or hardware. If problems persist after the upgrade, a clean Windows 11 installation might be the final solution.
How to perform a Windows 11 In-place upgrade | Microsoft


Understanding these recovery options is crucial for any Windows user. Should your PC stumble, don’t panic – refer to this guide, try the solutions methodically, and in most cases, you’ll be able to get your Windows machine working again!

If you have additional recovery tips or suggestions for improving this guide, please leave a comment below. And, if you spot any potential errors, let me know so I can make the necessary corrections. Together, we can create an even more comprehensive and helpful resource for our fellow Windows users!

author avatar
Derick Payne
My name is Derick Payne. With a deep-seated passion for programming and an unwavering commitment to innovation, I've spent the past 23 years pushing the envelope of what's possible. As the founder of Rizonetech and Rizonesoft, I've had the unique opportunity to channel my love for technology into creating solutions that make a difference.

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